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NC Posting of Injury and Illness Summary Required

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Employers must post OSHA Form 300A: Summary of Work-related Injuries and Illnesses
By Neal O’Briant, Public Information Officer, NC DOL.

Employers are reminded that they must post a summary of work-related injuries and illnesses that occurred in 2015.  The N.C. Department of Labor requires the summary be posted from Feb. 1 through April 30.

Many employers must keep a Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (Form 300) to record work-related fatalities, injuries and  illnesses. The Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (Form 300A) is compiled from the data on the log. Companies without  any injuries and illnesses should post the summary with zeroes on the total lines. A company executive must certify that they have  examined the OSHA 300 Log and that they reasonably believe that the annual summary is correct and complete.

“This posting requirement is an important way employers keep their employees informed about safety and health conditions in the workplace,” said Wanda Lagoe, bureau chief of the Education, Training and Technical Assistance Bureau.  Companies that had 10 or fewer employees at all times during the previous calendar year are exempt from keeping injury and illness logs and posting summaries. Certain businesses classified in specific low-hazard industry classifications are also exempt from keeping injury and illness logs and posting summaries unless requested to do so for survey purposes. The list of exempt industries changed effective Jan. 1, 2015.

For more information about recording criteria or for a list of exempt industries, contact the Education, Training and Technical Assistance Bureau at 1-800-625-2267 or locally at 919-807-2875. The OSHA 300/300A 301 are available in Workplace Applications software.

To download a free copy of the OSHA 300, OSHA 300A or OSHA 301, as well as recordkeeping instructions, visit our website at, click on the Publications tab, then click on the Forms link. The list of exempt industries is also available here.


Earphones Used on Monitor Audiometers v.2

Monitor-headset Monitor-TDH29

James J. Jerome, Senior Occupational Audiologist

I recently calibrated a Monitor MI-5000B and noticed that Telephonics TDH-39 earphones were being used. I found this strange, since, in my experience, all Monitor audiometers exclusively use Telephonics TDH-49 earphones.

I contacted Van Anderson, President of Monitor Instruments, and asked him if they had dropped using TDH-49 earphones. His answer was no. At times TDH-49 earphones can be in short supply. If they cannot find other supply sources for TDH-49 earphones, Monitor will use TDH-39 earphones until TDH-49 earphones become available again.

Does this alternate earphone have an impact on the performance of Monitor audiometers? The answer is no, since the earphones are calibrated to ANSI audiometer standards. All things equal, they will yield the same hearing threshold levels as TDH-49 earphones.

Can either TDH-39 or TDH-49 earphones be calibrated to Monitor audiometers? The answer is yes and no. Mr. Anderson stated that Monitor audiometer firmware version 9.23 has the best output latitude to accommodate both models of earphones. For lesser firmware versions, TDH-39 earphone may be used, but it’s best to contact Monitor Instruments to discuss feasibility before proceeding.

How does this impact the customer? This does not impact the customer in any way. They can be assured that Monitor audiometers will perform as specified.

How does this impact service providers who distribute and calibrate audiometric equipment? If the technician is calibrating the same Monitor audiometer year after year, there should be no problem in knowing what model earphone is being used. However, if a new Monitor audiometer is ordered for a customer and that audiometer is calibrated to TDH-39 earphones, distributors will be given the choice of taking possession or deferring possession until the TDH-49 earphone becomes available again. If a customer states that they just acquired a new Monitor audiometer, technicians will need to pay attention to the model earphone being used and calibrate accordingly. Mr. Anderson stated that TDH-49 earphones will always be the preferred earphone for their Monitor audiometers. Thus, few audiometers will ever be using the TDH-39 earphones.  Regardless, anyone who calibrates Monitor audiometers will need to be vigilant.


OSHA penalties – after 25 years there will be an increase

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The new two-year bipartisan budget, signed by President Obama on November 2, 2015, allows (in fact requires) OSHA to raise its citation penalties for the first time in 25 years.  Since 1990, OSHA has been one of only three federal agencies that were specifically exempted from a law that required federal agencies to raise their fines to keep pace with inflation.  A section of the budget bill—entitled the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015—eliminates this exemption for OSHA.

The law now requires an initial penalty “catch-up adjustment,” which must be in place by August 1, 2016. The catch-up adjustment is tied to the percentage difference between the October 2015 Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the October 1990 CPI.  Because the October 2015 CPI will not be available until November 17, 2015, the actual percentage increase is unknown at this time. However, based on recent CPI, the increase will likely be in the range of 75% to 80% over current penalty amounts.

Read full article here.

Workplace INTEGRA Mobile Units on the road!

WPI Mobile Unit 15 on the road in KY- Jan 2016
WPI Mobile Unit 15 on the road in KY-


Pictured is one of Workplace Integra’s Mobile Units in KY, January 2016.  The Van Technician looks at a slight delay caused by Winter Storm Jonas.    He cleaned off the van and arrived on-time at the clients site, ready to test!

Contact us for your mobile testing needs.

Mobile Services




Leisure Noise and the Hearing Health of Young People


Source: Williams, Warwick PhD
The Hearing Journal, Volume 68, Issue 12, pp 28, 30

The possibility of leisure activities—especially listening to music on portable music players—causing hearing loss in young people never fails to excite the press. The many stories on this topic seem to reflect genuine concern in the population about this issue.

As this article by Warwick Williams, PhD, shows, however, this concern does not seem well founded for nearly all young people. This is not to say that leisure noise cannot cause hearing loss, but it certainly does not seem to be very common.

There are two caveats: First, recent analysis of the extensive data discussed by Dr. Williams has shown a significant relationship between total leisure-induced noise exposure and the occurrence of tinnitus, so it seems that noise exposure is indeed having some effects on the ears of some young people, even if it is not reflected in their hearing thresholds. These effects seem to occur even with accumulated noise doses much lower than those that would occur in a workplace with average daily levels of 85 dBA.

Second, the study that Dr. Warwick describes was carried out before we realized the importance of looking for the symptoms of “hidden hearing loss”—the loss of high-threshold nerve fibers that have no effect on hearing thresholds but probably contribute to the accurate analysis of sound at moderate or high noise levels. A new, large-scale study is now under way to explicitly look for these symptoms, one of which may well be an increased prevalence of tinnitus.

Although the study was done on an Australian population, ears are the same everywhere, and the types of devices that people use for music are international, so it seems likely that the results would apply to other populations. If so, then the safety message we have so far for other countries is that the most dangerous leisure noise activities seem to be dance parties.

For just a very small proportion of young people, the combination of high sound levels and exposures of several hours per outing repeated weekly for several years is certainly sufficient to provide noise exposure sufficient to damage hearing, even if the number who receive this much exposure is small.

—Harvey Dillon, PhD


National Acoustic Laboratories

See full article here.



Teen Invents Headphones That Prevent Hearing Loss


By Conner Carey on Sun, 10/04/2015

Aegis Acoustics headphones were designed by 16-year-old Kingsley Cheng as a stylish-but-safe way listen to music. “The American Academy of Audiology reports that approximately 12 percent of all children ages 6–19 have noise-induced hearing loss. We’re here to change all that and make listening safe,” said Kingsley in a recent press release.

Together with his father, Rayman Cheng, who has over 25 years of experience in consumer electronics, Kingsley founded Aegis in an effort to make headphones that look good and feel good. Their headphones ensure your volume remains in safe decibel range (under 85dB) while utilizing noise cancelling technology to provide clarity.

See full article here.

Afraid of Shark Attacks? Selfies Are Deadlier


By Conner Carey on Wed, 09/23/2015

Next time you go to take a selfie, make sure your life isn’t in danger first. According to the Telegraph, there have been 12 selfie deaths in 2015 alone. Compare that number to the eight people who were killed by a shark. Is this what Darwin meant by survival of the fittest?

In July, a woman was killed by a bison when she tried to pose for a selfie with it. In January, three students died by oncoming train when trying to take a “daredevil” photo. A man in California was hospitalized for five days after snapping a picture with a rattlesnake. There’s even a Wikipedia page listing selfie-related injuries and deaths. Meanwhile, selfie deaths are rampant enough in Russia that the government released a guide on “how not to die while taking a picture of yourself”.

See full article here.

10 celebrities with hearing issues.

620-08-hearing-loss-celebrity-rob-lowe.imgcache.rev1409773519298.web[1] posted an interesting list of celebrities with hearing loss.  They’re all talented, famous and among the 48 Million Americans coping with this problem. How many did you know about?

by Margery D. Rosen, October 8, 2014

1.  Rob Lowe

Undiagnosed mumps when he was a baby left Lowe totally deaf in his right ear. “Really loud restaurants drive me ballistic,” Lowe told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. “I live in a mono world. I wish I could [hear in] stereo. But other than that, I don’t think about my hearing loss.’’

2. Bill Clinton

Like many boomers, Clinton ignored his hearing difficulties for years until doctors diagnosed him with high-frequency hearing deficiency, the most common form of hearing loss. Described as an inability to distinguish sounds in noisy, crowded situations with a lot of background chatter (such as restaurants, theaters or political rallies), it’s linked to aging and exposure to loud noise. Clinton now wears two in-canal hearing aids.

3. Halle Berry

A victim of domestic violence some 20 years ago, Oscar winner Halle Berry lost 80 percent of her hearing in her left ear when an abusive boyfriend struck her repeatedly. She often speaks about her hearing loss to raise awareness and help other women break the cycle of violence.

4. Stephen Colbert

The political satirist and Emmy-winning talk show host was in elementary school when doctors discovered a tumor in his right ear. In order to safely remove it, they also had to remove Colbert’s eardrum, leaving him deaf in that ear.

5. Rush Limbaugh

In 2001, Limbaugh announced that he was virtually deaf. At the time, he said doctors had diagnosed autoimmune inner-ear disease, a rare condition. But according to CBS News and other news sources, his use of opioid painkillers may have contributed to his hearing loss. With two cochlear implants, he’s regained some hearing.

See full article here.

Apple Watch heart monitor saves teen’s life

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by: Evan Killham, September 18, 2015

A teen sought medical attention after his Apple Watch heart monitor gave him persistently high readings, and that decision saved him from an untimely death.

Paul Houle, a 17-year-old football player, bought Apple’s wearable a few days before he started pre-season training at Tabor Academy in Marion, Mass.  After two practices in one day, he noticed that his heart rate was sitting around 145 beats per minute, even hours after he’d stopped exercising.

He wouldn’t know until later, but he was experiencing a potentially life-threatening condition.  “It was the first day of pre-season,” Houle said (via Cape Cod). “The first practice was from 10 until 12 and the second practice was from 3 to 5.

During my second practice, I started to have problems breathing and I had pain in my back, which turned out later to be my kidneys failing.”

See full article here.